The present sun based modules are primarily made of silicon
At HZB, a few gatherings have been working seriously beginning around 2015 on the two the perovskite semiconductors and silicon advances and the blend of both into creative couple sunlight based cells. In January 2020, HZB had accomplished a record 29.15 % for a perovskite silicon couple sun powered cell and distributed the work in the diary Science. Then, at that point, before Christmas 2020, the organization Oxford PV had the option to declare an ensured effectiveness of 29.52 %. From that point forward, the thrilling race for new records has been on. “An effectiveness of 30 % resembles a mental limit for this captivating new innovation which could change the photovoltaic business sooner rather than later,” clarifies Steve Albrecht, who is chipping away at perovskite slight movies at the HySPRINT lab at HZB. Bernd Stannowski, bunch pioneer for silicon innovation, adds: “I would especially underline the great participation between the various gatherings and foundations at HZB. This is the manner by which we figured out how to foster these new couple sunlight based cells totally at HZB and by and by get the world record.”
Perovskite Silicon Tandem Cell
The perovskite silicon pair cell depends on two developments: A nanotextured front side ( left) and a rear with dielectric reflector (right). Credit: Alexandros Cruz/HZB
The new innovative work center was around the optical improvement of the silicon heterojunction base cell. A nanotextured front side and a dielectric back reflector were added. Presently came the authority affirmation by Fraunhofer ISE CalLab: “Our new perovskite silicon pair sun powered cells were freely ensured with a world record productivity of 29.80 %,” says an enchanted Christiane Becker, a specialist on nanostructures in sunlight based cells and their impacts on the optical and electrical properties.
For the new work, Dr. Philipp Tockhorn (Albrecht bunch) and doctoral understudy Johannes Sutter (Becker bunch) researched how nanostructures at various interfaces influence the presentation of a pair sun powered cell, comprising of a perovskite sunlight based cell on top of a silicon sun based cell. In the first place, they utilized a virtual experience to work out the photocurrent thickness in the perovskite and silicon subcells for various calculations with and without nanotextures. Then, at that point, they created perovskite silicon couple sun based cells with various surfaces: “Even the nanotexturing on one side works on the light ingestion and empowers a higher photocurrent contrasted with a level reference,” says Sutter. Furthermore his partner Tockhorn adds: “Astoundingly, the nanotextures likewise lead to a slight improvement in the electronic nature of the couple sun powered cell and to more readily film arrangement of the perovskite layers.”